Imperial Rome constructed many impressive monuments. Rome's Colosseum is one of the city's most famous landmarks as well as one of the most recognizable monuments in the world.
Built as a venue for Gladiator and animal fights, the Colosseum provided a gory spectacle for Rome's citizens, up to 55,000 of whom would cram into this grand arena at one time.
This tiny city-state is home to the Roman Catholic Pope and one of the most famous churches in the world, St Peters Basilica. Touring the Vatican is one of the top things to do in Rome, even for people who aren't Catholic.
Inside its protective walls is a treasure trove of cultural and religious artefacts, museums and a vast collection of world-class art which includes Michaelangelo's, Sistine Chapel.
Roman Forum & Palatine Hill
This fabled labyrinth of ruins was once the political playground, commercial center and place of worship in Ancient Rome.
While very little survives of the vast number of buildings that once stood at this center of Roman life, the standing and fallen columns, triumphal arches and temple ruins still impress, especially when you consider the foundations of the Roman Empire and the western world began here. Pair your visit with the adjoining Palatine Hill, one of the most ancient parts of the city.
The Mausoleum of Hadrian, known as the Castel Sant'Angelo is a towering cylindrical building located on the right bank of the River Tiber.
While the ashes of Hadrian and his family have long since been looted, most of what you see today relates to the conversion of the structure into a fortress and residence by the popes from the 14th century. The "bridge of Angels" that leads up to the fortress is one of the city's most underappreciated gems and worth admiring in its own right.
Known as Rome's urban living room, Piazza Navona is the city's most characteristic Baroque squares. The pedestrianized oval is lined with chic bars, cafes and restaurants and is often thronged with tourists, street vendors and artists.
At its heart is Bernini's spectacular Fountain of the Four Rivers, a marvel during the day and magnificent at night when the square really comes to life.
Piazza Venezia & Trajan's Market
Adjoining the Imperial Roman Forum, Trajan's Market was the last and largest of the Forums in Rome. In its heyday it was a wonder of the classical world, encompassing 150 stalls selling the rarest treasures from the far reaches of the Roman Empire.
Close by you'll also find the Piazza Venezia. Following the death of King Victor Emmanuel II, the new state constructed a giant monument as a symbol of a united Italy. You can visit the large marble monument and ascend to the roof via an elevator at the back for wonderful views of the Roman Forum and Colosseum.
Constructed to honour Pagan Gods, the Pantheon is one of the best preserved ancient temples in Rome. Remarkably intact considering its over 2000 years old, the Pantheon features a giant oculus, an architectural marvel.
The interior now houses the tombs of two Italian kings (Vittorio Emanuele II and his successor, Umberto I), and the resting place of Raphael, one of Italy's greatest artists.
Home to a stunning palace and beautifully landscaped gardens in a naturalistic English style, the Villa Borghese is a sight that is often overlooked by tourists.
Built to house the Borghese art collection, the Villa Borghese Gallery contains paintings, sculptures, mosaics, and reliefs, most from the 15th to the 18th century, and include works by Raphael, Titian, Caravaggio, and Rubens.
Designed by Nicola Salvi in 1732 and immortalized in La Dolce Vita, the Trevi Fountain is one of Rome's most visited sights.
Throwing a coin into the Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi) is a tradition that is supposed to assure your return to Rome. The fountain is a true wonder, a jewel of water and stone that is nestled between the maze of streets in the historic centre of the city.
The Circus Maximus is an ancient Roman chariot-racing stadium and mass entertainment venue. The origins of the Circus Maximus go back to the sixth century BC when Tarquinius Priscus, the fifth king of Rome, created a track between the Palatine and Aventine hills.
Very little of the Circus Maximus remains but it continues to be one of the modern city’s most important public spaces, hosting huge crowds at music concerts and rallies.
The Baths of Caracalla (terme di Caracalla) are some of the best preserved ancient buildings of the Roman times. The Roman thermal baths can be found along the ancient Appian Way, and in their time they were Rome's second largest public baths, accommodating some 1600 bathers.
Completed by Caracalla in 216, these were much more than public baths. They were a complete sports center, with hot and cold baths, a swimming pool, dry and steam saunas, gymnastics and sports facilities, social rooms, gardens, libraries, hairdressers, and shops.
Diocletian's Bath House
The Baths of Diocletian were the largest thermal baths ever built in Rome. The complex, constructed in the early third century, could accommodate an estimated three thousand people.
Diocletian's baths were so enormous that today, they contain two churches, large parts of a Carthusian monastery and a major museum.